Milk production, family income, Tungurahua, household-farming characterization
The agrarian structure in Ecuador has an unequal access to land. The growth of livestock production within small and medium farms has been constant in recent years, as well as the feminization of the agriculture. In the Sierra of Ecuador, these processes can be observed in greater detail, especially in provinces located in the Sierra center. This has motivated to analyze the dynamics of the small producers of the provinces of Chimborazo, Cotopaxi and Tungurahua. This work shows the results of a survey that allows to analyze, from a sample of 793 farmers, the socio-productive characteristics of the bovine milk farms. In this sense, the results show that, comparatively, milk production is concentrated between 0.5 and 1 ha, being the province of Tungurahua where there is a greater distribution of bovine livestock. Finally, it is concluded that concentration of the land has influenced the reduction of the number of bovine units, affecting family income that does not exceed 40% of the basic monthly remuneration.