Sustainability and evaluation of the impact caused by the landfill of the municipality of Carmen, Campeche, México

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Areli Machorro-Román
Genoveva Rosano-Ortega
María Elena Tavera-Cortes
Juan Gabriel Flores-Trujillo
María Rosa Maimone-Celorio
Estefanía Martínez-Tavera
Sonia Martínez-Gallegos
Pedro Francisco Rodríguez-Espinosa


Mexico, sustainability, waste, leachate, pollution, water, sediments


The sustainability indicators allow the evaluation of the environmental impacts related to the sustainable development strategy. In this study conducted in city the Carmen, Campeche considered a barrier island that is located southeast of Mexico. The municipality channels the final disposal of solid urban waste (MSW) through a sanitary landfill which is located in a mangrove area, having a negative impact on the environment, which negatively effects sustainable development. This research, by means of subsoil sediment analysis, identified a sequence of carbonated sands, this allowed to define a porosity of 20.2 to 40.1% and a permeability of ±10-2-10-4 m/s, that is, the sediments have good porous and high permeability. On the other hand, and with respect to water quality, concentrations of BOD5 and COD in the mangrove were found to be 63.06 mg/L and 1,338.13 mg/L, respectively, as well as the presence of trace concentrations of some heavy metals. These values allowed to classify it as a strongly contaminated body of water.
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