Sustainability and evaluation of the impact caused by the landfill of the municipality of Carmen, Campeche, México

Main Article Content

Areli Machorro-Román http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4666-4489
Genoveva Rosano-Ortega http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7297-3456
María Elena Tavera-Cortes http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2179-2735
Juan Gabriel Flores-Trujillo http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6221-216X
María Rosa Maimone-Celorio http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9638-1578
Estefanía Martínez-Tavera http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0449-037X
Sonia Martínez-Gallegos https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1271-5930
Pedro Francisco Rodríguez-Espinosa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0443-5728

Keywords

Mexico, sustainability, waste, leachate, pollution, water, sediments

Abstract

The sustainability indicators allow the evaluation of the environmental impacts related to the sustainable development strategy. In this study conducted in city the Carmen, Campeche considered a barrier island that is located southeast of Mexico. The municipality channels the final disposal of solid urban waste (MSW) through a sanitary landfill which is located in a mangrove area, having a negative impact on the environment, which negatively effects sustainable development. This research, by means of subsoil sediment analysis, identified a sequence of carbonated sands, this allowed to define a porosity of 20.2 to 40.1% and a permeability of ±10-2-10-4 m/s, that is, the sediments have good porous and high permeability. On the other hand, and with respect to water quality, concentrations of BOD5 and COD in the mangrove were found to be 63.06 mg/L and 1,338.13 mg/L, respectively, as well as the presence of trace concentrations of some heavy metals. These values allowed to classify it as a strongly contaminated body of water.
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